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2 Timothy 3:14-17, “God-Breathed”

January 18, 2009 Speaker: Brad Evangelista Series: “God Wrote a Book”

Passage: 2 Timothy 3:14–3:17

 

Intro: If you believe that God inspired the Bible (in other words, the very words are from him), then you should also have great confidence in the fact that the 66 books that comprise the Bible are in fact the exact ones that God intended to be in the Bible.

 

I. HOW DID THE BIBLE COME TO BE?

 

A). Old Testament

·       Written approximately 1500-400 B.C.

·       Starts when God tells Moses to write a Book

 

1). The Pentateuch (The Law): Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

2). The Historical Books: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chron, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther

3). The Wisdom and Poetic Books: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon

4). The Prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

 

Jews would simply classify it as The Law, The Prophets, and the Writings.

1). Written approximately 1500-400 B.C.

2). Starts when God tells Moses to write a Book

 

B).  New Testament

1. End of 2nd Century a “core” collection of 21 of 27 books forms

2. A.D. 240 – Origen lists all current 27 (some in dispute)

3. A.D. 367 – Athanasius the Bishop of Alexandria lists 27, no reservations.

4. 3 Church councils (Hippo in A.D. 393, Carthage in 397 & 419) confirm list.

 

Question: Why are these 27 books in the NT and others not? --Apostolic Authority

 

Book

Author

Authority

Matthew

Matthew

Original 12

Mark

Mark

Peter

Luke

Luke

Paul

John

John

Original 12

Acts

Luke

Paul

Romans

Paul

Paul

Paul’s letters               (1,2 Cor, Gal, Eph, Phil, Col, 1,2 Thess, 1,2 Tim, Titus, Philemon)

Paul

Paul

Hebrews

Uncertain (maybe Paul)

Message; Paul

James

James

Jesus’ ½ bro.

1 & 2 Peter

Peter

Original 12

1,2,3 John

John

Original 12

Jude

Jude

Jesus’ ½ bro.

Revelation

John

Original 12

 

II. WHAT DOES THE BIBLE DO?

1. It saves us—1 Peter 1:23-25

2. It transforms us—1 Thessalonians 2:13

3. It equips us—2 Timothy 3:16-17

 

More in “God Wrote a Book”

January 25, 2009

2 Timothy 3:14-17, “The Message of the Bible”

January 11, 2009

2 Timothy 3:14-17, “Trustworthy Evidence”